Tuesday, 12 July 2011

Prenatal Genetic Diagnosis (PGD)

For couples who cannot have their own children the normal way, they have to resort to artificial means of having children. One choice is to do in vitro fertilisation (IVF) where the sperm and egg are allowed to fertilise in a petri dish in the laboratory. The fertilised zygote is then implanted in the female partner. However, a step within the IVF program is to screen the zygote for genetic disorders in order to avoid a couple from inheriting a genetically defective baby - this is prenatal genetic diagnosis (PGD). The ethical question that the general public worries about is, is it ethical to screen for genetic disorders and take necessary actions? The IVF program will abort the zygote and not implant it  within the female partner if it has genetic disorders. This means babies born from IVF procedures are perfect babies without known genetic defects (which is rather good). Is PGD ethical or not? Do you just kill off the defective zygotes and just carry on with healthy zygotes? Says who? Who governs life forms on this earth? Is it the scientists, doctors, general public, you or me?

What are the viewpoints from the scientists & doctors? What are the viewpoints from the general public and parents who have to depend on IVF? What are the viewpoints from the religious quarters?

Fiqhmedic.wordpress.com has shed some light on the issue (Malay text):
http://fiqhmedic.wordpress.com/2008/05/21/mendapat-anak-dengan-kaedah-persenyawaan-luar-rahim/

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