Friday, 16 November 2012

Ma'al Hijrah 1434

There is a lot said about the month of Muharram. However, there are also a lot of misunderstandings and doubts about the significance of the month of Muharram. I have compiled the information below based on a radio programme aired on Kelantan FM on 15 November 2012 at around 6.30 pm. The guest speaker was Ustaz Zainal Abidin bin Abdul Rahman.

Thursday, 1 Muharram 1434 Hijrah
is also known as Ma'al Hijrah

WHAT WE KNOW ABOUT MUHARRAM
  1. It is the first month of the Muslim calendar.
  2. Prophet Adam was born in this month.
  3. Muharram is not about Hijrah which actually occurred in Rabiul Awal.
  4. Muharram fasting is performed for the first 10 days. Each day of fasting gives the reward (pahala) of 30 days (1 month) of fasting.

WHAT WE KNOW ABOUT HIJRAH
  1. Hijrah comes from the Arabic word Hajarah which means to shift or to move to another place.
  2. The first Hijrah was that of the Prophet Muhammad SAW.
  3. The Muslim calendar is based on the Hijrah calendar which has 12 months and is based on the phases of the moon, ie a lunar calendar.
  4. Hijrah occurred in Rabiul Awal, and not in Muharram.

PROPHET MUHAMMAD SAW'S HIJRAH
  1. Nabi Muhammad SAW's Hijrah occurred on 1 Rabiul Awal (pushed off from Makkah) and he arrived in Madinah on 12 Rabiul Awal (1-12 September); a 12-day journey to Madinah via 2 paths, a regular and known path, and an unknown path not traveled before by people.
  2. Fat camels were used for the Prophet's Hijrah (Makkan to Madinah)

MUHARRAM CELEBRATIONS
  1. Khalifah Omar was the first ruler to have a celebration for Muharram, in remembrance of the Prophet's first arrival in Madinah (Hijrah).
  2. Khalifah Omar chose Muharram as the month to celebrate the Prophet's Hijrah even though the Hijrah did not occur in Muharram but in Rabiul Awal.
  3. Khalifah Omar chose Muharram because many incidences of the prophets in Islam have to do with the month of Muharram.
  4. Some communities celebrate Muharram with prayers (doa akhir tahun & doa awal tahun).
  5. Some mosques celebrate Muharram with special doa and wirid.

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