|Thursday, 1 Muharram 1434 Hijrah|
is also known as Ma'al Hijrah
WHAT WE KNOW ABOUT MUHARRAM
- It is the first month of the Muslim calendar.
- Prophet Adam was born in this month.
- Muharram is not about Hijrah which actually occurred in Rabiul Awal.
- Muharram fasting is performed for the first 10 days. Each day of fasting gives the reward (pahala) of 30 days (1 month) of fasting.
WHAT WE KNOW ABOUT HIJRAH
- Hijrah comes from the Arabic word Hajarah which means to shift or to move to another place.
- The first Hijrah was that of the Prophet Muhammad SAW.
- The Muslim calendar is based on the Hijrah calendar which has 12 months and is based on the phases of the moon, ie a lunar calendar.
- Hijrah occurred in Rabiul Awal, and not in Muharram.
PROPHET MUHAMMAD SAW'S HIJRAH
- Nabi Muhammad SAW's Hijrah occurred on 1 Rabiul Awal (pushed off from Makkah) and he arrived in Madinah on 12 Rabiul Awal (1-12 September); a 12-day journey to Madinah via 2 paths, a regular and known path, and an unknown path not traveled before by people.
- Fat camels were used for the Prophet's Hijrah (Makkan to Madinah)
- Khalifah Omar was the first ruler to have a celebration for Muharram, in remembrance of the Prophet's first arrival in Madinah (Hijrah).
- Khalifah Omar chose Muharram as the month to celebrate the Prophet's Hijrah even though the Hijrah did not occur in Muharram but in Rabiul Awal.
- Khalifah Omar chose Muharram because many incidences of the prophets in Islam have to do with the month of Muharram.
- Some communities celebrate Muharram with prayers (doa akhir tahun & doa awal tahun).
- Some mosques celebrate Muharram with special doa and wirid.