Wednesday, 1 January 2014

Book - Atlas Hadits


Atlas Hadits
by Dr. Syauqi Abu Khalil
Uraian Lengkap Seputar
Nama, Tempat, dan Kaum yang Disabdakan Rasulullah Saw.
ISBN: 979-2582-20-3
2007 Penerbit almahira
Indonesia
RM150
385 pages (coloured printed)


This book sourced its information from the books of 6 imams: Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Dawud, Tirmidzi, Nasa'i, and Ibnu Majah.

There is a satellite map, explanatory text, coloured or B/W photos, and sometimes associated 2D route maps for travels, for each entry in the book.

The 2D maps used these icons:
  • a black dot indicates a city, village or province
  • a green dot indicates a big city compared to the one being discussed
  • an orange dot indicates a city being discussed
  • a blue dot indicates a spring or sumur (?)
  • an X indicates the location of the city being discussed
  • a fortress indicates a palace or a clan's village
  • red arrows indicate travel routes of a clan, community, finding education, and community migration
  • a green dome indicates a masjid or musalla
  • a red star indicates location where additional information was obtained to help the entry
  • a black-green diagram indicates Masjidil Haram and Sa'i venue

IMAM BUKHARI
page 7

He was Muhammad bin Ismail bin Ibrahim bin al-Mughirah al-Bukhari. He lived in 194-256 Hijrah (810-870 AD). He was born in Bukhara, near Samarkand in Uzbekistan. He passed away in Hartank, Samarkand.

His odyssey to find ahadith began in 210 Hijrah. From Bukhara, he visited Khurasan, Baghdad and Basrah (Iraq), Sham (Syria), Fusthat? (Egypt), and Madinah al-Munawwarah, before returning to Bukhara. He studied under the tutelage of 1000 teachers and collected 600 000 ahadith. From this number of ahadith, he selected more than half to include in his book Shahih al-Bukhari, which contains 7562 ahadith; they were from perawi tsiqah.


IMAM MUSLIM
page 8

He was Muslim bin al-Hajjaj bin Muslim al-Qusyairi an-Naisaburi. He lived in 204-261 Hijrah (820-875 AD). He was born in Naisabur, near Khurasan in Iran. He passed away on the outskirt of Naisabur city.

He travelled from Naisabur to Basrah, Madinah al-Munawwarah and Makkah al-Mukarramah (Hijaz), Tabuk, Fusthat (Egypt), Damascus (Syam), and Baghdad in Iraq, before returning to Naisabur. After repetitions were removed, there are 3033 ahadith in his book Shahih Muslim.


IMAM ABU DAWUD
page 9

He was Sulaiman bin al-Asy'ats bin Ishaq bin Basyir al-Azdi as-Sijistani. He lived in 202-275 Hijrah (817-889 AD). He was born in Sijistan (or Sajastan) in Afghanistan. He passed away in Basrah in Iraq.

He travelled from Sijistan/Sajastan to Baghdad and Basrah (Iraq), Makkah al-Mukarramah, Fusthat (Egypt), Jerusalem, Damascus (Syam), and returned to Baghdad and Basrah. He collected 500 000 ahadith but only 5232 ahadith appeared in his book as-Sunan.


IMAM TIRMIDZI
page 10

He was Muhammad bin 'Isa bin Saurah bin Musa as-Silmi al-Bughi at-Tirmidzi. He lived in 209-279 Hijrah (824-892 AD). He was born in Tirmidz in Uzbekistan. He passed away in Tirmidz.

From Tirmidz he travelled north to Bukara. From Tirmidz, he travelled east to Khurasan, Tiberistan/ar-Ray, Nahawand, Baghdad and Basrah (Iraq), Madinah al-Munawwarah and Makkah al-Mukarramah (Hijaz), and returned to Tirmidz.

He studied under the tutelage of Imam Bukhari and some of his teachers. He became blind towards the latter part of his life but had memorised ahadith. His book Shahih at-Tirmidzi contained 3956 ahadith.


IMAM NASA'I
page 11

He was Ahmad bin 'Ali bin Syu'aib bin 'Ali bin Sinan bin Bahr bin Dinar. He lived in 215-303 Hijrah (830-915 AD). He was born in Nasa in Turkmenistan. He passed away in Ramala city, Palestine and is interred at Baitul Maqdis (near Jerusalem). His book as-Sunan (an-Nasa'i) contains 5769 ahadith.


IMAM IBNU MAJAH
page 12

He was Muhammad bin Yazid ar-Rabi'i al-Qazwaini. He lived in 209-273 Hijrah (824-887 AD). He was born in Qazwain (south of the Caspian Sea) in Iran. He passed away in Qazwain.


He travelled from Qazwain to Basrah and Baghdad (Iraq), Damascus (Syam), Jerusalem, Fusthat (Egypt), Tabuk, Madinah al-Munawwarah and Makkah al-Mukarramah (Hijaz), before returning to Basrah, ar-Ray, and Qazwain. His book Sunan Ibn Majah contains 4341 ahadith; 5 of his other books contain 3003 ahadith.


GLOSSARY

Abwa' (page 16)
It is now known as Khuraibah, and is near Wadan, close to the Red Sea. It is on the outskirt of Madinah al-Munawwarah. It is 43 km from Rabigh, and 23 miles from Juhfah. The father of Nabi Muhammad SAW, Abdullah had gone to Madinah to gather dates but passed away in Madinah. The mother of Nabi Muhammad SAW, Aminah bt Wahab visited her husband's grave in Madinah each year. When Nabi Muhammad SAW was 6 years old, he followed his mother to visit his father's grave in Madinah, along with Abdul Muthalib (his uncle) and Ummu Aiman (his wet nurse/ibu susuan). However, upon their return from visiting Abdullah's grave in Madinah, Aminah fell ill and passed away in Abwa'. Her grave is in Abwa'. Nabi Muhammad SAW became an orphaned child (yatim piatu) and came under the care of Abdul Muthalib.

Uhud (page 19)
The mountain ranges Mount Uhud (higher) and Mount 'Ainain (lower) are close together. They are located approximately 1 mile north of Madinah al-Munawwarah. Mount Uhud is red. The Battle of Uhud (Perang Uhud) occurred here in 3 Hijrah.

Tan'im (page 90)
Tan'im is 7.5 km NW from Makkah al-Mukarramah. Masjid Aisyah is located here. Jemaah from Makkah al-Mukarramah read their niat ihram here at Masjid Aisyah in Tan'im (Miqat).

Al-Ji'ranah (page 119)
It is located between Makkah al-Mukarramah and Thaif, closer to Makkah. The name is retained till today.

Hijaz (page 132)
Hijaz is located between Najed (central) and Tihamah (coastal). Hijaz includes the towns of Makkah al-Mukarramah, Madinah al-Munawwarah, Jeddah, Thaif, Khaibar, Fadak, Tabuk, Dar Bali, Dar Asyja', Dar Muzainah, Dar Juhainah, areas occupied by the Hawazin people, and Jullu Hilal. This area contains volcanic mountains with stretches of land, and with many valleys. The highest mountain here is 2700m.

Hijir Ismail (page 133)
It is a semi-circular shoulder-high perimeter wall at one part of the Kaabah. It is a structure that was left behind by Bani Quraisy. It is a part of Kaabah. Fardh prayer are not held in this section as it contains the makam of Nabi Ismail and his mother Hajar.

Al-Hajun (page 136)
It is a hill on the high plateau of Makkah al-Mukarramah, and close to the Makkah graves at al-Ma'ala. The hill faces Masjid al-Bi'ah (OTW to Arafah). Nabi Muhammad SAW's first wife Khadijah bt Khuwailid is interred at al-Ma'ala graveyard.

Hudaibiyah (page 137)
It is 22 km west of Makkah al-Mukarramah (OTW to Jeddah). It is in the district of asy-Syumaisiy. Masjid Syajarah is located here by the roadside. Bay'atu ar-Ridhwan or the Treaty of Hudaibiyah (Perjanjian Hudaibiyah) occurred here in Dzulkaedah, 6 Hijrah, some distance from the masjid (the area is now closed to the public).

Hira (page 138)
Nabi Muhammad SAW spent his time in Gua Hira before the first revelation of the Quran (sebelum menerima wahyu). Gua Hira lies on top of Jabal Nur, NE of Makkah al-Mukarramah. The Kaabah in Masjidil Haram and the gigantic clock tower can be viewed from Gua Hira. Mount Tsabir lies in front of Jabal Nur. Expansion of Makkah al-Mukarramah has reached the area of Mount Tsabir.

Al-Haram (page 139)
It refers to the 2 holy lands (dua tanah suci) - Tanah Suci Makkah al-Mukarramah and Tanah Suci Madinah al-Munawwarah.

Hadramaut (page 144)
It is a vast area located east of Aden in Yemen (Yaman), and close to the Arabian Sea (Laut Arab). In the NE, it is surrounded by sand and is known as al-Ahqaf - the giants of Kaum 'Ad were struck and died in the area. Makam Nabi Hud is in Hadramaut. Other cities in Hadramaut are Tarim, Syibam and Say'un. The Hadramaut Valley opens into the Arabian Sea.

Aleppo (page 145)
Its old name was Halab. It is east of Anthakia and west of Euphrates River (Sungai Eufrat). It used to be the stronghold of the Qinnasrin army. Qinnasrin is 12 miles from Aleppo. The Mani'ah Wall is in Qinnasrin. The Aleppo Wall is in Aleppo. Aleppo was conquered by Abu Ubaidah bin al-Jarah in 15 Hijrah. Aleppo is 355 km from Damascus.

Al-Hulaifah (page 146)
Abyar Ali comprises 3 places which are in close proximity to each other - Asy-Syajarah, al-Baida', and al-Hulaifah. It is Miqat Haji for pilgrims from Madinah al-Munawwarah. It is 9 km SW of Madinah al-Munawwarah. Masjid Dzul Hulaifah is situated in Abyar Ali.

Khurasan (page 156)
It is located SE of the Caspian Sea. The capital is Masydad (Thus). Other cities in Khurasan are Naisabur, Herat, Moro (old capital of ancient Khurasan), Balh, Thalqan, Nasa, Abyurd, Sarakhs, Thus, and cities close to Amudarya River. It is locked between East Iran, West Afghanistan, and Turkmenistan.

Masjid al-Qiblatain (refer pages 192 and 196)
It is located at the left tip of the huge drain (parit) used in Perang Khandaq, outside Madinah al-Munawwarah, NE of Masjid Nabawi.

Masjid Quba' (refer page 196)
It is located south of Masjid Nabawi. It is close to Masjid al-Jumu'ah which lies further to the north.

Sinai (page 225)
Sinai is SW of Syam. Sinai refers to barren mountain. Thur Sinai is a mountain in Sinai. Allah SWT conversed directly with Nabi Musa (Prophet Moses) at Thur Sinai. Mount Thur is mentioned in the Quran Surah at-Tin 95:2 and the olives of Mount Sinai in Quran Surah al-Mu'minun 23:20. The highest mountain in Sinai is Mount Katrina (2677 m), located close to the southern tip of the Sinai Peninsula. The Sinai Peninsula is 9400 square km, and 130 km long. It is bound by 2 canals - Aqabah Canal (on the right, 100 km long) and Suez Canal (on the left, 150 km long). The coastal city of Sinai (ath-Thur) is located close to the tip of Sinai Peninsula by the Suez Canal. The city of Suez is at the northern most tip of the Suez Canal. The city of Elat (Aqabah) is located at the northern most tip of Aqabah Canal. The city of Syam asy-Syaikh is located at the southern most tip of the Sinai Peninsula, by the Red Sea.

Syam (page 226)
It is known as asy-Sya'm. Syam was once a vast region bordered by: 1. Toros mountains (ats-Tsughur) in the north 2. Sinai in the south 3. Mediterranean Sea on the left, and 4. the tributaries of the Euphrates River and the Arabian Desert on the right. According to the ancient definition of Syam, Syam covered from the Euphrates River to al-'Arisy (close to Mediterranean Sea), and from Mount Thayyi' in the SW (north of Saudi Arabia) to the Mediterranean Sea. The cities of Syam include: Anthakia, Aleppo, Hamah, (Hims,) Damascus, (Amman,) and Baitul Maqdis. The coastal cities are Tripoli, Beirut, Shaida, Shur (Tsur), Akka, Haifa, and Ascelon.

Asy-Syi'b (page 228)
(The Indonesian text is unclear.) From the 2D map:  It is a long tract of land with Makkah al-Mukarramah at left and Arafah at right, with Mina and Muzdalifah in the middle. It is used in the Hajj rite. There are many masjid in this region: Masjid Bai'ah (old building) and Masjid Khaif in Mina, Masjid Muzdalifah (new building) in Masy'ar al-Haram, and Masjid Namirah in Arafah. al-Jamarat (the stoning pillars) are in Mina. Jabal Rahmah is in Arafah. Mount Tsuqbah is north of Mina. There are 2 caves - Gua Hira is closer to the north of Masjidil Haram while Gua Tsur is farther south of Masjidil Haram.

Safar (page 232)
The Hajj/Umrah rite Sa'i involves 2 mountains, Safar and Marwah. Ash-Shafa means fine rock; the plural of ash-Shafa is shafat. When pilgrims stand on Mount Safar, they face Hajar Aswad. Mount Safar joins to Jabal Abu Qubais. Mount Marwah was previously Jabal Qa'aiqa'an. Allah SWT mentioned Safar and Marwah are part of Syi'ar Allah in Quran Surah al-Baqarah 2:158. Rasulullah SAW mentioned to perform Sa'i between Safar and Marwah. Rasulullah was born in a house (Rumah Rasulullah) between Safar and Jabal Abu Qubais.

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